Refugees and Citizenship Canada

Express Entry PNP

Express Entry – Innovative PNP’s methods to meet the skill requirement

The Provincial Nomination Program plays an important role for express entry to Canada.

Lately Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and Ontario have used innovative approaches to shortlist candidates for Express Entry in their PNP Program.


The 600 points which the candidates get from PNP leads to enhancing their probability for getting an Invitation to Apply. In fact this becomes the single most factor which contributes to a candidate getting an invitation to apply.


In the last week new approaches used by Express Entry via the provincial immigration path to select candidates were:

• Expression of interest
• First-come, first-served
• Passive.


The invitation to apply from the Canada’s Provincial Nomination Program (PNP) has a specific fixed number of candidates for the federal pool each year. Each province and territory with a PNP has at least one stream for candidates in the federal Express Entry system which manages the pool of candidates for Canada’s three Federal High Skilled economic immigration programs – the Federal Skilled worker class, the Federal skilled Trades Class & the Canadian Experience class..


Between 2016 and 2017 there was an increase by 4000 in the Express Entry candidates who applied for Canadian permanent residence in the Provincial Nomination Program.

The Federal skilled worker class, the Federal Skilled Trades Class and the Canadian Experience Class are critically popular with Express Entry candidates because they do not require a Canadian job offer or a minimum CRS score.


Lately Quebec took action to address Labour shortage in the province, especially in regions outside the Montreal metropolitan area by using a new Expression of interest system for the Quebec Skilled Worker Program.


Ontario recently changed the minimum score in its Human Capital Priorities stream, which allows the province to search the federal government’s Express Entry system for eligible economic immigration candidates.


The position of an eligible Express Entry candidates in the pool is determined by the score they get in the Comprehensive Ranking System .CRS).


Ontario has also removed the minimum CRS score of 400 for eligibility and left it to the discretion of the director in charge of the province’s immigrant nominee program, the OINP. The CRS for the Human Capital Priorities Stream has lately been reduced to 350.


The majority of Canadian provinces and territories have a fixed target for giving Canadian permanent residence to candidates each year.


Refugees and Citizenship Canada

Canada adopts new processing times system for some PR applications

Canada adopts new processing times system for some PR applications

Some applications for PR received on or after July 31st, 2018 will now be processed faster in comparison to their historical processing times. IRCC (Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada)feels that these permanent residence applications are forward-looking.


These new timelines will pertain to PR applications received under the following categories:

  • 1. Sponsorship of Parents and Grandparents;
  • 2. Provincial Nominee (Non-Express Entry);
  • 3. Quebec Skilled Workers;
  • 4. Start-Up Visa; and
  • 5. Humanitarian and Compassionate cases.


Projected processing times on the CIC website will show prospective applicants to these programs, how long their applications are expected to take (under normal conditions), specific to the day they apply. IRCC has said that it will update processing times every month. IRCC feels that this update is important to ensure that immigration processing times are as accurate as possible and to help clients better prepare to move to Canada if their application is approved.


Prior to this change, IRCC forecasted all Canadian permanent residence application processing times based on historical data, which meant that processing times were determined by how long it took to process 80 per cent of applications in the past year


The new projected processing time measurement will depend on the current number of applications waiting to be processed and how quickly IRCC expects to process 80 per cent of pending applications.


An applicant’s processing time generally starts the day IRCC receives a complete application and ends when a decision is made.


For all applications submitted by mail, the usual processing time begins when the application is received in the IRCC mailroom. If an application is made online or in-person at an approved service point, it starts when the application is submitted to the Immigration Officer.


IRCC aims to better serve permanent residence clients, as well as attending to temporary resident applicants looking to visit, work, or study in Canada.


The innovative approach reflects the Canadian Government’s commitment to transparency and faster processing of immigration applications.


Refugees and Citizenship Canada

New Quebec EOI System

New Quebec EOI system comes with promise to reduce processing time to less than a year

The new Expression of Interest (EOI) system will replace Quebec’s current first-come, first-served application process for its Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSWP).


Under the newly published regulations, which come into force on August 2, anyone interested in the QSWP will have to first submit an online Expression of Interest profile to Quebec’s Immigration Ministry (MIDI).


In a first move, anyone 18-years-old or older can submit a profile to QSWP’s Expression of Interest Bank. Profiles in the bank will receive a score based on factors including skilled work experience, education and training, proficiency in French or English, financial self-sufficiency, and others. All profiles will have to meet the minimum required score of two points in education (secondary school general diploma) and receive the one point that is awarded for financial self-sufficiency. The only new exception in the Quebec selection process is the presence of a validated job offer where initially only 10 points used to be awarded but now 14 points are given.


The Quebec Skilled Worker Program selection factors are

  • 1. Education
  • 2. Areas of training
  • 3. Work experience
  • 4. Age
  • 5. Language proficiency
  • 6. Stay and Family in Quebec
  • 7. Spouse/common-law partner characteristics
  • 8. Valid joboffer
  • 9. Presence of accompanying children
  • 10. Financial self-sufficiency


The second step entails that profiles must after the first step meet the required cut-off score of 43 points for a grouping of factors called Employability, which is based on a candidate’s score in education and training, work experience, age, language proficiency, time spent in Quebec and family in Quebec and a validated employment offer. A job offer is an added bonus but is not required in order to be eligible for the QSWP. The Employability cut-off score for candidates with a spouse or common-law partner is 52. In addition to the six factors above, the additional factor of a spouse’s education and training, work experience and language proficiency is also considered.


In the third step, candidates who meet the first two steps threshold must then meet the minimum threshold under a grouping of factors called Selection, which is a passing score of 50 points (59 with a spouse or common-law partner). This step takes into account the points awarded under the six factors considered for Employability, with the addition of children and the financial self-sufficiency. A spouse or common-law partner’s education and training, work experience and language proficiency is also applied in such cases.


It’s important to note that meeting the minimum threshold of 50 points under the Selection does not necessarily mean a candidate will be invited to apply for CSQ. Invitations may be issued to the highest scoring candidates, but incoming changes to Quebec’s Immigration Act state that other selection criteria or conditions may apply. Section 44 of the updated Act states that “criterion relating to a foreign national’s ability to successfully stay or settle in Quebec, such as training or a trade or occupation” may determine invitations. Other criteria may include “a region of destination in Québec, a country or region affected by a humanitarian crisis or the existence of an international commitment.”


Candidates who are invited to apply for a CSQ will have 3 months to submit their application.

Processing times for CSQ applications has been be reduced to less than 1 year which was earlier going upto 32 months.  Anyone who receives a CSQ can then apply to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) for permanent residence.